At first glance (and probably second and third), a collector would not recognize this graceful Japanese lady as a product of Germany, much less by the firm of Galluba and Hofmann. She appears to be a delicate Japanese okimono carving, but she is in fact of porcelain, tinted and decorated to resemble a fine ivory statue. Under her base, this 7.5 inch tall figurine carries a partial stamp of Galluba and Hofmann shield in dark green and is incised "4628." And this beauty is on a beach! She has tucked her skirt up into the wide obi and has tied the ends of the full sleeves together behind her back to protect her elaborately ornamented kimono from the sand and surf as she collects seashells along the shore. Her basket is full of selected shells, and more are molded at her feet.
As the Victorian era passed into the Edwardian and Roaring Twenties, a market developed for bisque and china bawdy novelties and figurines of women in revealing outfits. Although now most of these figurines seem more coy and cute than ribald and risque, in their time they symbolized the casting off of the perceived restraints of the Victorian era.
These little lovelies included bathing beauties, who came clad in swimsuits of real lace or in stylish painted beach wear, as well as mermaids, harem ladies, and nudies, who were meant to wear nothing more than an engaging smile. Also produced were flippers, innocent appearing figurines who reveal a bawdy secret when flipped over, and squirters, figurines that were meant to squirt water out of an appropriate orifice.
Most were manufactured in Germany from the late 1800s through the 1930s, often showing remarkable artistry and imagination, with Japan entering the market during World War I.
Thursday, July 24, 2014
Thursday, July 10, 2014
This 4 inch tall comic cutie, although unmarked, cannot be by anyone other than the German firm of Schafer and Vater, who excelled in making this sort of wacky and wonderful novelties. When her legs are tapped, this well-upholstered bathing belle swings them back and forth for a surprisingly long time. She is of excellent sharp bisque and modeling.
Thursday, June 26, 2014
This lissome lass in her molded undergarments is a bisque fashion figure by Galluba and Hofmann, She retains her original mohair wig, but has lost her outer garments of real silk and lace to the many passing years. Her previous owner made her the necklace out of antique beads so tiny, they had to be strung on a human hair. Just 5.75 inches tall, this lovely little lady is marked "406." This rather shy and demure pose, with her hands folded behind her back, is very unusual for Galluba, whose ladies typically gesture gracefully with outstretched arms.
Tuesday, June 24, 2014
My newest article, entitled "Galluba and Hofmann; Always in Fashion," appears in the July 2014 edition of "Antique Doll Collector." The article concerns 1983 Nina Ricci advertisement featuring three seated elegant Edwardian ladies by Galluba and Hoffman, the fashion figurines by Galluba, and the famed British photographer, Angus McBean, who used them in advertising and his custom-made Christmas cards.
Wednesday, June 11, 2014
This bathing belle with a book is by my favorite manufacturer, A. W. Fr. Kister. Although she has been nicely redressed in vintage material, her molded and tinted nipples are visible through her net bathing suit, an anatomical detail typical of Kister. The molded one-strap bathing shoes with low heels are also a style of footwear favored by this company. Of excellent pale bisque, she is 5 inches long.
Thursday, June 5, 2014
Earlier in this blog I noted that Dollmasters, a spin-off of Theriault's Auctions, which specialized in artist and reproduction dolls, old store stock, and reproduction doll clothes, had become Florence and George and was offering a variety of figurines made by the Belgium company, Mundial (aka Keralouve), whose copies of antique bathing beauties, half dolls, and all-bisque dolls have flooded antiques and flea markets and on-line auction and sales venues, where they are often misrepresented as old. The catalogue is now on-line and is offering 16 "porcelain fancies" created by Mundial. The catalogue describes these items as "Cast from the original designs, you'll find it hard to distinguish from the rare and sought originals - except that ours are stamped "f&g" on the underside." Great, I thought, unlike the rest of Mundial products, at least these will be marked to indicate that they are reproductions. Then I read the actual description for each piece, which includes the following:
"Since Florence & George is committed to collectors and the integrity of the secondary market and this piece is an especially accurate reproduction, we have discreetly marked it with a nearly invisible ink which is only revealed under a black light."
I think I still have indentations on my chin from my dropped jaw slamming into the keyboard after reading that. How is marking each piece with "nearly invisible ink. . . only revealed under a black light" protecting collectors and the "integrity of the secondary market?" I may be dating myself here, but I haven't had a black light since I tossed out all my fluorescent posters after graduating from high school. I know a few antiques dealers and appraisers who travel around with a portable black light, but the vast majority of the doll and bathing beauty collectors I know don't bother. Most of us are attuned enough to pick up overpainting and repairs without the use of a black light. A folding 30x loupe is often as useful as a black light and doesn't need batteries. And contrary to common lore, not all modern paints and glues will necessarily glow under a black light. A black light can be a useful tool, but most collectors do just fine without one. When I have seen collectors and dealers using a black light, they focus on the areas most likely to be repaired, such as fingers or projecting limbs. I have never seen anyone using a portable black light to look for hidden marks under a figurine. And if the ink is "nearly invisible," how is anyone going to even know to check it out with a black light?
On the other hand, I guess the bit of good news is that even if these items aren't marked as clearly as I would like (they don't need "REPRO" in big black letters across the forehead, but a clearly visible underglaze mark in dark paint, or even better, an incised mark, would have been far more preferable), just the fact they are appearing in the George and Florence catalogue may serve to educate more collectors that these reproductions are on the market. I have nothing against reproductions, and these are pretty attractive and reasonably priced, all I ask is that they be clearly and indelibly marked as such!
Because links and catalogue stock are constantly changing, here some of the reproductions currently on offer. As always, it would be a good idea to check the catalogue regularly to see whether any new items have been added: